A decision by the Ghanaian government to slap 17 pesewas on fuel prices as COVID-19 levy has generated outrage among petroleum consumers on social media.

This evolved into a social media campaign under #FixTheCountryNow, with many citizens venting their frustrations with the rising cost of living, the country’s high debt levels and the crippling economic fortunes of Ghana.

The online pressure soon morphed into a full-blown planned demonstration. This forced government to reduce the levy to 9 pesewas, while the Ghana Police Service has also secured a court order to halt the intended protest.


Bawumia intervenes

Vice President Dr Mahamudu Bawumia in response to the exasperation being shown by the public has defended the government’s track record in “fixing problems” and in a Facebook post on May 6, has provided a list of 70 problems he claims the government inherited and what has been done so far.

We are four months into our four-year mandate. The job of government is to fix problems. This is what we have been doing since 2017.” He partly said in the post.

This fact-check report will assess the accuracy of 5 verifiable claims with publicly available data. The timelines to be considered in verifying the claims would be December 2016(Problem inherited) and December 2020 (What we have done so far). Meanwhile, the problem inherited and what we have done so far would be considered as one claim.


Claim 1

Problem inherited What we have done so far
Inflation at 15.4% Reduced inflation to 10.3%




GhanaFact verified this by comparing the year-on-year inflation rate for 2016 to the rate for 2020, which represent when the former administration handed over power and when the four-year tenure of the current government also ended.

According to data from the Ghana Statistical Service(GSS) inflation rate for December 2016 was 15.4%, while that for December 2020 was 10.4%. Meanwhile the inflation rates for March 2021 and April 2021 stand at 10.3% and 8.5% respectively.

So, the claim will be rated PARTLY TRUE because the 2016 rate was accurately captured in the claim, while 10.4% inflation rate for December 2020 was understated as 10.3%.



Claim 2

Problem inherited What we have done so far
Average Bank Lending rate at 32% Reduced average bank lending rate to 21%



According to available data from the Bank of Ghana (BOG), Average Commercial Banks Lending Rate as at December 2016 was 28.09% contrary to the 32% suggested in the claim.

Meanwhile the Average Commercial Banks Lending Rate as of December 2020 was 21.10%.

Meanwhile, the Finance Minister Ken Ofori-Atta through government’s 2017 and 2018 Budget Statements and Economic Policies stated that the average lending rate as of December 2016 was 31.2% and 31.68% respectively.

The claim is rated MISLEADING.



Claim 3

Problem inherited What we have done so far
Weak Food security. Ghana placed 78th on Global Food Security Index Ghana’s position on the global food security index has improved to 58th



The claim that Ghana secured the 58th position in the 2020 Global Food Security Index report is inaccurate.

According to the report, Algeria not Ghana secured the 58th position with an overall score point of 61.8 while Ghana holds the 77th position with an overall score of 53.0 just as Nepal.

Meanwhile, in 2016, Ghana ranked 78th on Global Food Security Index.

Claim 3 will therefore be rated as MISLEADING.



 Claim 4

Problem inherited What we have done so far
Ghana’s sovereign credit rating declined to B- by 2016 Ghana’s sovereign credit rating upgraded from B- in 2016 to B in 2019. First upgrade in 10 years


Fact – check

A sovereign credit rating is an independent assessment of the creditworthiness of a country. There are four international credit rating agencies, and they include: Standard & Poor’s, Moody’s, Fitch and Scope Ratings.


Ghana’s sovereign credit rating -2016

Agency Rating Outlook Date
Moody’s B3 Stable 9/2016
Fitch B Negative 9/2016
Fitch B Negative 7/2016
Fitch B Negative 3/2016
Fitch B Negative 9/2015
Moody’s B3 Negative 3/2015
Standard & Poor’s B- Stable 10/2014


Moody’s assigns its B3 rating for “obligations considered speculative and subject to high credit risk.” Entities that receive this rating may be experiencing financial instability or hold inadequate cash reserves relative to their business needs, debt, or other financial obligations.

Fitch’s B ratings indicate that material default risk is present, but a limited margin of safety remains. Financial commitments are currently being met; however, capacity for continued payment is vulnerable to deterioration in the business and economic environment.

A Standard & Poor’s rating outlook assesses the potential direction of a long-term credit rating over the intermediate-term (typically six months to two years). “Negative” means a rating may be lowered.


Ghana’s sovereign credit rating -2019

Agency Rating Outlook Date
Fitch B Stable 10/2019
Fitch B Stable 5/2019
Standard & Poor’s B Developing 3/2019
Fitch B Stable 3/2019



Ghana’s sovereign credit rating -2020

Agency Rating Outlook Date
Fitch B Stable 10/2020
Standard & Poor’s B- Stable 9/2020
Standard & Poor’s B Negative 4/2020
Moody’s B3 Negative 4/2020
Fitch B Stable 4/2020
Standard & Poor’s NR NR 2/2020
Standard & Poor’s B Developing 2/2020
Fitch B Developing 2/2020
Fitch B Developing 2/2020
Standard & Poor’s B Developing 1/2020
Standard & Poor’s B Developing 1/2020
Moody’s B3 Stable 1/2020
Moody’s B3 Stable 1/2020


To ensure consistency with regards to the timelines considered for comparison between the two administrations, the most recent S&P rating update (September 2020) shows Ghana has been downgraded to B-.

Therefore, claim 4 is rated MISLEADING.



Claim 5

Problem inherited What we have done so far
Cholera outbreaks Not a single case of cholera in Ghana in the last four years



The claim that there has not been a single case of cholera in Ghana in the last four years is inaccurate. GhanaFact has flagged as FALSE a similar claim made by then Minister of Sanitation and Water Resources, Cecilia Abena Dapaah in 2020.

The fact-check report revealed that three (3) cholera cases have been recorded in the Volta and Central regions of Ghana between 2017 and 2020, contrary to the claim of zero cases, data from the Ghana Health Service and the Ministry of Health has shown.

The information was found after perusing 110 Ghana Weekly Epidemiological Reports, which are official publications by the Ghana Health Service and the Ministry of Health on issues of public health in the country.

Claim 5 will therefore be rated MISLEADING because it contains accurate and inaccurate content as shown by the Cholera Morbidity and Mortality table below.

Cholera Morbidity and Mortality

Year Morbidity Mortality
1998 – 2013 55,784 cases 1,095
2014 28,975 243
2015 618 5
2016 150 0
2017 1 0
2018 2 0
2019 0 0
2020 year-to-date 0 0

Source: UnicefGHS


Researched by Rabiu Alhassan/Gifty Tracy Aminu